The high-speed Antequera-Granada line will form part of the Andalusia transversal axis.
The new line will provide a direct high-speed link between Granada, Malaga, Cordoba, Seville, Madrid and other Spanish cities, There will be significant savings in travel times between all these cities.
In addition to connecting Granada with the rest of the region, it will contribute, to a large extent, to strengthening and improving the internal development of Andalusia.
This high-speed line was inaugurated on 25 June 2019.
Description of the line
The line has been designed for speeds of up to 300 km/h, with international gauge.
It runs through the provinces of Malaga and Granada, with an approximate length of 122 kilometres.
The new line starts with 30 km of double track, located between km 0 of Antequera-Santa Ana station and the Train Overtaking and Parking Post (TOPP) in Archidona, in the Malaga province. From there to Granada (92 km), a single track has been set up.
The high-speed rail link starts near Antequera-Santa Ana station, forming a railway triangle to allow direct communication, via high-speed lines, between the cities of Granada, Malaga, Cordoba, Seville, Madrid and other Spanish cities, with a significant reduction in travel times. There are three stations, in Antequera, Loja and Granada.
The route runs through the Malaga municipalities of Antequera and Archidona and the Granada municipalities of Loja, Huétor-Tajar, Villanueva de Mesía, Íllora, Pinos Puente, Atarfe and Granada, running parallel to the A-92 motorway and through generally rugged terrain, making it necessary to build nearly 12 km of structures divided between 31 viaducts and seven tunnels totalling approximately 6 km. The viaduct over the Guadalhorce River and the A-92 in Antequera (2,525.5 m long), the Archidona Viaduct (3,150.5 m long), and the Quejigares Tunnel (twin-tube type, consisting of two parallel tunnels of 3,354.8 m and 3,378.2 m, respectively) are particularly unique.
ERTMS and back-up ASFA systems will be installed, with 3 signal boxes at Antequera AV, Íllora and Granada. The mobile telecommunications will be GSM R.
The Ministry of Public Works and Adif-Alta Velocidad support sustainable and environmentally-friendly development, respecting protected natural spaces during the design, construction and operation of rail infrastructure.
The requirements of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) are also complied with, ensuring that all construction and infrastructure work is successfully integrated into the surrounding area and that all applicable environmental measures are implemented as effectively as possible.
- Construction of screening and settling systems for water from tunnels.
- Agricultural and landscape rehabilitation projects.
- Conservation of affected livestock routes.
- Measures to avoid affecting aquifers, such as the construction of the Archidona viaduct.
Arroyo Saladillo deposit: in the Malaga province, the remains of a prehistoric settlement from the end of the 4th millennium BC was found, dating from the transition from the Neolithic to the Copper Age. This find is the most important discovery from the works for the line.
Arroyo Villalta deposit: this extends over 14,200 m2, and is home to one of the largest pottery complexes in the entire Betic Range.
Roman Villa of Caserío Silverio-Mayorga: the archaeological studies carried out in the area have uncovered several mosaics with inscriptions, as well as two small Roman sculptures, which stand out from the rest of the site. A building dedicated to Christian worship (6th century AD) has also been uncovered. On the other hand, and with the aim of preserving localised sites, and having prior knowledge of their existence, constructive solutions have been adopted to preserve them. This is the case of the 150 m-long viaduct over the archaeological site known as 'El Tesorillo', on the Tocón-Valderrubio section (Granada).
The longest is 3,150.5 metres