In parallel with the line's construction, the stations that provide service to railway users are being built or adapted.
Madrid Puerta de Atocha is the main high-speed railway station in Spain in terms of both passengers and train traffic.High-speed trains leave this station bound for Barcelona, Valencia, Seville and Malaga.The infrastructure is key to the development of high-speed railways in Spain, since together with the Atocha – Chamartín tunnel it will enable the connection of all the lines in Madrid.
The first expansion phase of this railway complex, involving the separation of the departure and arrival areas, was completed on 19 December 2010. The renovation is designed to increase the station's capacity, which will go from the current 16 million passengers a year to over 35 million by 2025.
This two-storey building has a lobby on the ground floor, with areas dedicated to sales, information for travelers and customer care services, four commercial premises, a café-restaurant and toilets, among other facilities.
After the lobby, travelers will find a waiting room equipped with escalators and lifts that leading directly to the platforms.
On the other side of the main building, there is a second building with a rectangular ground plan and a fully glazed façade. This construction is distributed over a waiting area equipped with display monitors and other services that allow customers to wait for their train with greater comfort.
The platforms can be accessed via ramps, lifts and escalators from the waiting areas, thus complying with current regulations for people with reduced mobility.
The control room, offices, meeting room and archive are located on the first floor of the station's main building.10.5 million euros have been invested in this station, which has four international-gauge tracks and three platforms.
Remodelling and extension of the old station.
The original Calatayud station has been thouroughly renovated in order to adapt it to the new operating requirements demanded by high-speed rail.
The passenger building has been completely renovated and now offers more space for customers as part of the first platform, which used to be covered by a canopy, has been incorporated into the lobby.
Calatayud station has a travel centre that provides sales, information and customer care services, as well as a café-restaurant and a car park with capacity for 170 vehicles.
Located on the site of the old Delicias station, its opening meant the closing of the Zaragoza-Portillo station, which until then had absorbed all the city's rail traffic.
As the developer of this new station, Adif received the 6th Dedalo Minosse Special Award (2005/2006), one of the most prestigious international architecture prizes.
The architects Carlos Ferrater, José María Valero and Félix Arranz designed the Zaragoza-Delicias railway complex, whic was conceived to become a driver for the city's urban transformation.
The station's roof is one of the highlights of the new line, a spectacular metal structure consisting of nine arches supporting a large surface folded into triangular shapes and numerous skylights that let in natural light, creating a suggestive setting in the large open space of the platform area.
The rectangular ground plan houses five international-gauge tracks and five Iberian-gauge tracks. Five large white concrete cubes, combined with red areas, provide volume to the eastern façade.
The terminal has two independent lobbies, one for departures and the other for passengers arrivals. Four automatic doors lead into the departure lobby.
There is a glazed commercial area and waiting rooms. After going through the control points leading to platforms, customers access the train through mechanical ramps and lifts.
A cross passage has also been built to link the different platforms and to distribute the flow of passengers from the car parks to the platforms and the bus station, located next to the train station and with capacity for 40 vehicles.
The Lleida station, whith three international-gauge tracks and three Iberian-gauge tracks, underwent a major renovation and expansion in order to adapt it to the new high-speed requirements.
The most visible work carried out is the installation of a canopy roof, made of steel, aluminum and methacrylate, consisting of three waves above platforms I and 4 along the 200 meters of the passenger building.
The adaptation work involved the construction of a new lobby on the eastern side of the station, in order to adapt the building to the new urban setting, and of an underpass giving access to the tracks.
The lobby is attached to the original building, where the travel center is located.Glass and aluminium were used in its design.The work was completed with the restoration of the side façades and platforms, and the installation of two lifts and four automatic ramps.
The new Tarragona Station has been operating since late 2006 with the commissioning of the new section that starts in Lleida.
The station is located between the towns of La Secuita and Perafort, where the Madrid - Barcelona - French border high-speed line and the Mediterranean Corridor meet.
The building's design guarantees functionality and accessibility, since all vertical and horizontal connections offer simple and dynamic routes that facilitate passenger traffic from one area to another.
Total investment on this station amounted to 27.48 million euros.
Location:The Camp de Tarragona station is located between the towns of La Secuita and Perafort, where the Madrid - Barcelona - French Border high-speed line and the Mediterranean Corridor meet.
The building was designed to guarantee functionality, accessibility and efficiency for customers. Thus, all vertical and horizontal connections are aimed at optimizing passenger traffic, offering simple and dynamic routes in order to facilitate connectivity from one area to another.
The station will offer many benefits: passengers will enjoy greater mobility for their leisure or business trips, new prospects will open for industry and businesses, and the tourism sector and related services will be boosted.
Its area of influence covers Baix Ebre to Garraf and to the west up to the province of Lleida, which will represent a population of more than 400,000 people, in addition to the visitors accessing the area thanks to the railway infrastructures and the connectivity with other means of collective transport.
Surface area, tracks and services: Built on 54,106.74 m2, it houses, among other services, a travel center, passenger service areas, shops, left-luggage lockers, a car park for 633 vehicles and complementary services.
It has 8 high-speed international-gauge tracks –4 central and 4 siding tracks– and two 400-meter long and 10-meter wide platforms. Trains are accessed through an 88-metre long elevated, covered walkway, provided with mechanical ramps and lifts. Both the ramps and the platforms are protected by canopies.
Accessibility is guaranteed for people with reduced mobility and other disabilities:the car park is connected directly to the lobby, with lifts and ramps giving access to the platform areas, thus eliminating any type of architectural barrier.
The high-speed line construction works have been extremely complex around Sants station, which is the hub of the railway system in Catalonia.
Sants station underwent one of the biggest remodelling operations made on a Spanish railway station, in order to handle the arrival of high-speed trains in 2008.
Subsequently, to allow northward-bound traffic, the interior of the northern end was adapted to connect to the Sants-La Sagrera tunnel. The main works consisted of reorienting and realigning the railway structures and facilities, as the new high-speed tunnel reaches the terminal from the north-east, via Provença street, while the 6 siding tracks and high-speed platforms at Sants were oriented eastward, towards Roma avenue.
All the high-speed adaptation works have been carried out while maintaining the rail service and facilitating urban mobility in the area.
The construction of the new La Sagrera railway station is a major project for the future of Barcelona and its transport system. The station's estimated capacity is one hundred million people per year.
The protocol of intentions, signed by the Ministry of Public Works and Barcelona's City Council, on July 10, 2013, guarantees that La Sagrera station will meet the mobility needs of citizens, facilitate accessibility and promote the development of the city.
The protocol is based on an optimisation of the project in order to rationalise costs while maintaining the station's operational capacity and efficiency. In addition, it defines a new financing model based on the participation of a private investor for the management of the commercial area.
The objectives of this protocol will be implemented through an agreement signed by the organisations that make up the Barcelona-Sagrera High-Speed Public Company (BSAV, as per its acronym in Spanish).
Sant Andreu - La Sagrera urban project
The Sant Andreu – La Sagrera project is Barcelona's most important railway and urban project for the coming years.
Once the railway infrastructures of this area have been buried, it will become one of the largest underground structures of this type in Europe.
The project will cover 38 hectares of railway surface area, allowing the integration of the districts separated by the tracks along nearly 4 kilometres, between Espronceda street and Nus de la Trinitat. It will involve a major urban transformation and territory structuring over 164 hectares, generating new opportunities for economic development and social cohesion.
The new station, located in the Parc Central district, will consist of a four-level intermodal building with all the services required of a major transport hub. The railway and bus lobbies will be built at street level, with a large roof providing natural light to the entire area.The bus station, car park and railway platforms will be located under the lobbies.High-speed services will be provided on four tracks and two 450-metre platforms.
The concrete roof over the station has an area of 28,720 m2.
The lobby of the current station is connected to the new building, with a surface area of 1,288 m2, built on the underground station's concete roof.
The international Figueres-Perpignan section links, via a branch connection line, to the new Figueres-Vilafrant station, located in the town of Vilafant, in the Alt Empordà region.
This station went into a first stage of service in December 2010, handling international-gauge passenger traffic from the French border in the north, and standard-gauge passenger traffic from Barcelona and Girona in the south.Initially, the station had four tracks and one platform, but it was later expanded with a second platform. Its final layout consists of 2 platforms for commercial use and 7 operational tracks (six international-gauge tracks and one Iberian-gauge track).
Freight trains heading for Europe on UIC-gauge tracks also go through this station without stopping.
The station's construction has taken into account environmental sustainability requirements, such as the use of natural light and environmentally-friendly materials, low energy consumption, and waste reduction.